AOSC Departmental Seminar
February 4, 2016

Evaluation climate models using a 35-year record of cloud albedo radiative forcing derived from UV reflectivity


Clark Weaver
NASA GSFC
Abstract:  

A thirty-five year record (1980-2014) of Shortwave TOA radiative cloud forcing is derived from UV Lambertian-Equivalent (LER) reflectivity data constructed using measured upwelling radiances from Nimbus-7 SBUV and seven NOAA SBUV/2 polar orbiting instruments.  The approach is to scale the dimensionless UV LER data to match the CERES Shortwave Cloud radiative forcing when they are concurrent (2000-2014). T he derived time-invariant scaling factors are then used to produce a CERES-proxy of SW cloud forcing back to 1980.  There is good agreement between trends and anomalies of the CERES-proxy and CERES Shortwave Cloud forcing records during the overlapping data period (2000-2014) and good agreement between the CERES-proxy and the ISCCP cloud radiative forcing (1983-2009). Both comparisons support using this new data set for extended climate studies. Finally, we compare this new cloud forcing record with historical CMIP5 AMIP simulations and future RCP45 long-term simulations.

 

Recent paper: 

Clark Weaver, Jay Herman, Gordon Labow, David Larko, and L.-K. Huang, 2015: Shortwave TOA Cloud Radiative Forcing Derived from a Long-Term (1980–Present) Record of Satellite UV Reflectivity and CERES Measurements. J. Climate, 28, 9473–9488. 

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00551.1