UMD AOSC Seminar
NOAA Operational Polar-Orbiting Satellites for Monitoring the Environment and Socioeconomic Activities
Dr. Felix Kogan
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Services
NOAA operational polar-orbiting environmental satellites (POES) have successfully served the global society for the past three decades helping to monitor atmosphere, ocean and land. At the beginning of the operational satellite era in the late 1970ís and early 1980ís, satellite data were primarily used for monitoring weather, earth surface characterization and improving weather forecast. With accumulation of the data and knowledge, the new ideas and theory were introduced permitting to expand the data applications into the new areas such as climate variation/change, resource management, global change, anthropogenic activities, long-range predictions and monitoring the environmental impacts on economy and society. Currently, an incomplete list of NOAA satellite programs, in addition to already mentioned, includes such vitally important topics as environmental hazards detection and monitoring, agriculture and ranching, water resource management, forestry, fisheries, air quality, human health, land landscapes monitoring and others. This information provides useful advises to farmers and ranchers, fisherman, commodity groups and agribusiness, insurance providers, extension agents, water and forest resource managers, health specialists. Such important issues as global food security, vector-born epidemics, availability of water, energy consumption are addressed in timely manner helping decision makers to mitigate unfavorable consequences of the environment for society. The new remote sensing idea, data set and products from POES were scientifically accepted worldwide received high visibility and applied operationally inside and outside of the USA by scientists, governments, policy/decision makers and private vendors around the globe. This presentation will discusses application of 30-year data obtained from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) for solution of such practical tasks important for society and socio-economic activities as detection and monitoring large-scale natural disasters (drought and flood), prediction and monitoring crop and pasture production, fire risk assessment, climate forcing, early detection of mosquito-borne epidemics, land cover/land use change, invasive species, climate variation/change, development of climate records. This presentation will be accompanied by numerous examples of satellite data and product applications and validations.
February 18, 2010, Thursday