AOSC 434 Air pollution Course Outline
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
University of Maryland
Spring Semester 2016
Prof. Russell Dickerson
Departments of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science & Chemistry
Mr. Zachery Fasnacht
Basic concepts in physics and chemistry of the atmosphere. Production,
transformation, transport, and removal of air pollutants. The problems of
photochemical smog, the greenhouse effect & climate change, stratospheric
ozone, acid rain, and visibility. Analytical techniques for gases and
particles. Numerical simulation of air pollution. Health and environmental
effects of air pollution in the developed and developing world.
Prerequisites: CHEM 131, MATH 241, or consent of the instructor.
Office Hours: Tues 3:30 - 4:30 PM; Weds 1:00 to 2:00 PM.
Unavailable Hours: Monday 9-11 AM; Tues/Thrs 2:30-3:30 PM; Thrs 3:30-5:30 PM.
Class Meets Tue & Thr 2:00-3:15 pm
Room CSS 2416 Computer & Space Sciences Building
Spring Break March 13-20 (Sunday-Sunday)
Lecture Dates subject to snow-day updates.
|Lecture||Date||Topic||Reading (below) & Comments
Pollutant Species||J Ch. 1; S&P Ch. 1&2
|2||Thr 1/28||Aqueous & Gas-phase
Chemistry||FP Ch. 1 S&P Ch. 7
|3||Tue 2/2||Atmospheric Physics; Inversions||J Ch. 1,2; S&P Ch 16
|4||Thr 2/4||EM Radiation, Thermodynamics ||S&P Ch. 4; WW Ch. 7,8
|5||Tue 2/9||Thermodynamics of Combustion||GC Ch. 7
|6||Thr 2/11 ||Combustion & Equilibrium||Class Notes
|7||Tue 2/16 ||Kinetics: Rates, Order, Lifetimes||J Ch. 9; FP Ch. 4-8
|8||Thr 2/18 ||Activation E, Arrhenius, Steady State||GC Ch. 7; WW Ch. 6, 8
|9||Tue 2/23 ||Photocemical Smog, Ozone||J Ch. 12; S Ch. 1-4; FP Chapt 9, 10
|10||Thr 2/25 ||Internal Combustion Engines. How did VW cheat?||WW Ch. 8, 9
|11||Tue 3/1 ||Zeldovich Mechanism & Photochemistry||GC Ch. 8, 16
|12||Thr 3/3 ||NMHC & Free Radical Reactions. Sinks of Air Pollutants||Class Notes
|Review||Tue 3/8 ||Course Review (Attendance Optional)||Class Notes
|Exam I||Thr 3/10 ||Mid-Term Examination||Closed-Book
|Break||3/13-3/20||Spring Break||Fort Lauderdale Tourism Board
|13||Tue 3/22 ||Particulate Pollution|| S Ch. 7; FP Ch. 12; WW Ch. 5; GC Ch. 5,8
|14||Thr 3/24 ||Particulate Pollution||J. Ch. 8 etc.
|15||Tue 3/29 ||The Stratosphere ||S Ch. 4
|16||Thr 3/31 ||Guest Lecturer: Remote Sensing Dr. J. Warner||Class Notes
|17||Tue 4/5 ||Guest Lecturer||TBD
|18||Thr 4/7 ||Stratospheric Ozone Destruction||J Ch. 10; S Ch. 4; FP Ch. 15
|19||Tue 4/12 ||Acid Deposition||J Ch. 13; S Ch. 18; FP Ch. 11; GC Ch. 4,7,13
|20||Thr 4/14 ||Remote Sensing (Reports Due)||Class Notes
|21||Tue 4/19 ||Natural Gas Production (Fracking)||Class Notes
|Review||Thr 4/21 ||Review for Exam II||Bring completed practice exam
|Exam II||Tue 4/26 ||Exam II||Closed-Book
|Projects I||Tue 4/28 ||Research
Seminars, Students||Mandatory Attandence Graded By Class
|Projects II||Tue 5/3 ||Research
Seminars, Students||Graded By Class
|Projects III||Thr 5/5 ||Research
Seminars, Students||Graded By Class
|Last Class; Review||Tue 5/10 ||Last seminar & Course
Review (Last Class)||Class Notes
|Final Exam||Mon 5/16||
Final, Monday 10:30am-12:30pm ||Closed-Book
Homework Set #1
Homework Set #2
Homework Set #3
Homework Set #4
Data Set for HW #4
Lecture #16 Acid Rain
Lecture #17 Stratospheric Ozone.....
Special Lecture: Remote Sensing
Special Lecture: Remote Sensing in the IR
Special Lecture: Circulation
Special Lecture Aerosols
Special Lecture Remote sensing of Aerosols
REQUIRED TEXTS and useful websites:
[S&P] Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
J. H. Seinfeld and S. N. Pandis, Wiley-Interscience, 1998. (ISBN 0-471-17816-0)
[J] Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry,
Daniel J. Jacob, Princeton University Press, 1999.
Soft Copy Jacob's book (free).
Nice Herry's Law Page from MPI
Nice Planetary Atmos Physics Page from NASA
NASA Jet Prop Lab Kinetics and Photochem book.
Thorough summaries of the state of the science for the criteria pollutants.
Current journal articles will be handed out where appropriate.
[FP] Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere
B.J. Finlayson-Pitts and J.N. Pitts, Jr. ,
Wiley-Interscience, 1999. (ISBN 0-471-88227-5)
[WW] Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control
K. Wark and C.F.
Warner, Harper & Row. (ISBN 0-007-22534-X)
Atmospheric Change: An Earth System Perspective
Graedel & P. Crutzen.
Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey,
J. M. Wallace and P. V. Hobbs, Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Problem Sets (4 x 5 = 20%): There will be four (4) problem sets - as homework - worth a
total of 20% credit toward your final course grade. You are encouraged to use all resources available to you
to solve these problems, including books, journals, fellow students (discussion only - no plagiarism,
and your instructor.
Examinations (2 x 25 = 50%): There will be two (2) closed-book
examinations based on the factual material and general concepts from the
course lectures and reading materials. Each exam is worth 25% credit. If an
exam is missed without prior excuse of a doctor's note, a grade of zero (0) will
Research Project (30%): The remainder, 30%, will be obtained from
a research project. Students are required to present their research as a
lecture of 15 minutes maximum duration (12 minutes +3 minutes for questions) and
to be prepared to answer questions from the class and be graded by the class.
The objective is to inform an audience of knowledgeable scientists and engineers
whose specialty lies outside the area of your research, i.e., your fellow
students. Your grade for the research project and presentation will be assessed
(out of the possible 30%) as follows:
Instructor assessment (written paper): 10%
Student assessment (oral presentation): 20%
All students must attend mandatory class meetings.
RESEARCH PROJECT SEMINAR
A brief written report must be submitted to the course instructor two
weeks prior to your lecture. This should include all salient points of the
lecture and copies of all the figures to be shown. A detailed outline is
adequate. A good 20-minute (inclusive of question period) seminar should have no
more than ten figures unless they are very simple. All major contentions of
the research should be referenced in the style of the American Geophysical Union
- see a copy of J. Geophys. Res. I will grade the written report and it
will count for 10 out of the 30% credit for this section. Seminars will be given
in the order of the last three digits of your student number (SSN).
The seminar will be graded by the instructor and the rest of the class, as detailed
above. Attendance is mandatory during this phase of the class.
Factors influencing the grade include:
1. Approach to the problem 2. Originality 3. Clarity (not showmanship) 4. Completeness of
research 5. Discrimination of opinion from fact 6. Capable responses to questions (student evaluations
Factors not influencing the grade include:
1. Length of written report 2. Artwork 3. Number of references, unless you forget some important ones
SUGGESTED TOPICS - Research Project Seminar:
Here are some suggested topics (in no particular order) here to get you started with your literature research,
but you are encouraged to seek out a problem of special interest to you. Do not be afraid to choose an interdisciplinary,
offbeat, or controversial topic, but subject your paper to your best scientific scrutiny and be prepared to defend
your contentions to me, and to the class.
History of atmospheric chemistry
Atmospheric chemistry of other planets
Evolution of the Earth's atmosphere
Biogenic hydrocarbons and ozone formation
Air Pollution and climate
Lightning as a natural source of NOx
Industrial air pollution abatement technology
Coupling atmospheric transport and chemistry
Human health effects of atmospheric pollution
Alternatives to CFC's
Please e-mail me your seminar subject and tentative title (you can
change the title up to the day of your presentation, but must seek approval
from me before you change your seminar subject) .
CLASS STUDENT ROSTER
Last updated January 23, 2016.