|Project||SITE: South China Sea-Indonesian Seas Transport/Exchange in the Karimata Strait|
|Principal Investigator||R. Dwi Susanto, Ph.D.|
|Grant||National Science Foundation (NSF), USA|
|Collaborators||Dr. Sugiarta Wirasantosa, Dr. Budi Sulistyo & Dr. Agus Setyawan, Research and Development Agency for Marine and Fisheries (Balitbang-KP), Jakarta, Indonesia
Prof. FANG Guohong & Dr. Zexun Wei, First Institute Oceanography, Qingdao, P.R. China
|Objectives||To quantify the magnitude and variability of Karimata Strait flow that may affect the Indian Ocean Dipole, determine whether coastally trapped Kelvin waves can penetrate the Sunda Strait and how this affects Strait stratification and mixing and its interaction with water from the Java Sea.
To determine the impacts of Karimata Strait flow on the Indonesian throughflow (ITF) in the Makassar Strait and the regional ocean stratification and circulation as well as climate variability in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond.
Figure 1. Indonesian throughflow pathways from the Pacific to the Indian Oceans. INSTANT mooring locations (magenta lines) in the Makassar Strait, Lifamatola passage, Ombai and Lombok Strait and Timor passage (2003-2006). Trawl Resistant Bottom Mounted ADCPs in the Karimata Strait (blue and red stars in the top insert). A1 & A2 moorings from December 2007 to November 2008. Indonesian and Chinese Partners continuing their suppports by deploying the TRBM moorings along the B-lines to present.
5. Wei, Z. X., Fang, G. H., Susanto, R. D., Adi, T. R., Fan, B., Setiawan, A., Li, S. J., Wang, Y. G., and Gao, X. M.: Tidal elevation, current and energy flux in the area between the South China Sea and Java Sea, Ocean Science,12, 2831-2861, doi:10.5194/osd-12-2831-2015, 2015.
4. Susanto, R D, Z. Wei, T. R. Adi, B. Fan, S. Li, and G. Fang, 2013: Observations of the Karimata Strait Throughflow from December 2007 to November 2008, Acta Oceanologica Sinica,32,5,p1-6, DOI: 10.1007/s13131-013-0307-3.
2. Fang, G., R. D. Susanto, S. Wirasantosa, F. Qiao, A. Supangat, B. Fan, Z. Wei, B. Sulistiyo, and S. Li, 2010: Volume, heat, and freshwater transports from the South China Sea to Indonesian seas in the boreal winter of 2007–2008, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C12020, doi:10.1029/2010JC006225.
1. Fang, G., R.D. Susanto, I. Soesilo, Q. Zheng, F. Qiao and Z. Wei, 2005: Notes on the upper-layer interocean circulation of the South China Sea, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences COAA Special Issue, 22, 6, 946-954.