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A reanalysis of
ocean climate

Introduction As its name implies, the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation ocean/sea ice reanalysis (SODA) uses a simple architecture based on community standard codes with resolution chosen to match available data and the scales of motion that are resolvable. Agreement with direct measurements (to within observational error estimates) as well as unbiased statistics are expected. While SODA remains a university-based research project, we want to be helpful. Our goal is to be a reliable source of seasonal climate time-scale ocean reanalysis to complement the atmospheric reanalyses available elsewhere (NOAA/EMC, NASA/GMAO, and ECMWF, for example).

SODA Version 3 represents a major change from the previous SODA2. It now uses GFDL MOM5/SIS numerics at finer 1/4°x1/4°x50lev (28km at the Equator down to <10km at polar latitudes) resolution, similar to the ocean component of the GFDL CM2.5 coupled climate model, and includes an active sea ice component. The Optimal Interpolation filter has also been augmented (relative to previous releases) with bias correction to reduce bias in estimates of long term trends of variables such as heat content.

News 8 October, 2016 SODA3.3.1, forced by MERRA2 and spanning the 36-year period 1980-2015, is now available from this website. We have just made available the 5-day and monthly fields remapped onto a uniform 1/2°x1/2° Mercator horizontal grid similar to SODA2, but with expanded vertical resolution. Other files, such as variables on the native 1/4°x1/4°x50levx5dy tripolar grid and variables remapped onto an isopycnal grid, will be available in a few days.

A manuscript describing SODA3.3.1 will be put on this website in the next few weeks to provide users with a more detailed system description, some error analysis, and some simple statistics.

Coming soon Next we expect to complete the ensemble of SODA3 reanalyses (1980-2015):

The spread in these will provide information regarding the uncertainty due to errors in surface forcing. A series of system upgrades and analysis studies will keep us busy for much of 2017. We will add the analysis of year 2016 for all of these by July 2017. By late-2017 we expect to return to the problem of a reanalysis with quantified error estimates for the first half of the 20th century.

For additional information send us email: Gena Chepurin and Jim Carton. If you don't get a response we've gotten distracted. Please keep trying!

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Acknowledgements SODA relies on extensive collaborations. In addition to the National Science Foundation we owe debts to: the NOAA/GFDL, NOAA/NCEP, NOAA/NESDIS and in particular the Laboratory for Satellite Altimetry and NCEI, and NASA/GMAO and the NASA Physical Oceanography program. Many individuals have contributed to SODA including: Tim Boyer, Gil Compo, Dick Dee, Eric Hackert, Sirpa Hakkinen, Sasha Ignatov, Eugenia Kalnay, Syd Levitus, Matt Maltrud, Julie McClean, Laury Miller, Steve Penny, R. Raghunath, James Reagan, Tony Santorelli, Mike Steele, and most notably Ben Giese, Xianhe Cao, and Hank Seidel.

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